What Happens Due to Poor Maintenance of Septic Tank?

A septic system is the most convenient and affordable option to collect wastewater and sewage from your home if there are no municipal sewage connections. Nevertheless, it is essential to maintain a septic tank by pumping and cleaning it regularly so that it functions properly. In order to prevent overfilling and sewage backups, the system needs pumping every three to five years. Now, what happens when you neglect or overlook the septic tank maintenance, as there are no obvious problems with its operations?

Reasons Why Septic Tank Needs to be Pumped Regularly

Septic tank needs regular cleaning and pumping, and without proper maintenance, problems may strike anytime. Wastewater separates into three layers when it reaches the septic tank. The scum or the top layer floats on water as it contains fat, grease, and oil. The middle layer contains wastewater, and the last layer contains solid waste, which is sludge.

After many years of use, sludge accumulates at the bottom of the tank. The beneficial bacteria treat the liquid waste, and it passes through the exit pipe into the drain field. The accumulated sludge and scum remains in the septic tank. It never exits the tank in a natural manner. Therefore, regular pumping and cleaning the tank is essential to remove the accumulated sludge and scum. Otherwise, it will enter the drain field and cause irrevocable damage.

Repercussions of a Poorly Maintained Septic Tank

Septic tank pumping schedule for most homes is three to five years. However, it can be subjective as every home is different. Although most people recommend this schedule according to the size of the tank and the number of occupants in a home.

Accumulation of sludge is a slow process, and most homeowners tend to neglect the septic tank, as there are no obvious problems. Nevertheless, it is important to know that if you have never pumped and cleaned the septic tank, the sludge can enter the drain field and cause irrevocable damage. Replacing the entire septic tank is the only option that remains with older and ill-maintained tanks.

The amassed sludge will begin to clog the pipes, which are located inside the tank. When these pipes are blocked, there is a chance of wastewater and sewage backing up in your home. Cleaning up this filthy mess can be quite an expensive and troublesome task.

There are many ways to maintain your septic system and avoid problems. One of the main reasons for the failure of a septic system is overloading it with more water than it can absorb. Every tank has designed for a specific amount of wastewater based on the number of bedrooms in the home. The surplus water then backs up in the yard or worse- in your house. Septic system requires time to segregate liquids and solids. It then pushes the liquid into the drain field. It is therefore important not to overwhelm your septic tank with water.

Another important thing is -flush only toilet tissues down the toilet. Avoid flushing disposable wet wipes and other such products, which tend to accumulate and never break down in the tank. It is also important not to dispose of harsh chemicals, cleaning fluids, paints and other such substances in the tank.

Proper design and installation are also very important for the efficient functioning of a septic tank. It should have adequate space and suitable soil for the drain field. Septic systems may fail even with proper maintenance, design, and construction. Regardless of the cause of failure, sewage backup can pose a serious threat and a public health hazard. It is important to correct it as quickly as possible.

If a septic system fails, it is imperative to call in the professionals who will assess the system and determine the cause of failure. These professionals will also rectify the problem by pumping and cleaning the tank thoroughly. In case of a complete septic system failure, constructing a brand new septic tank is the only solution.